Artificial Intelligence and Law

The famous sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov has developed the world famous Three Robot Act, which limits the behavior of robots and is the basis for their existence. These three important rules are thought to be the indispensable principles of robot science in the future, in real life. As a matter of fact, the renowned robot R. Daneel Olivaw from time to time confronted with the Foundation’s 20,000 year history tells us that he has been tied to a robotic robot for the longest time. There are three famous laws that are absolutely necessary for robots to comply with and that are impossible to move outside these rules:

A robot can not hurt a person or become an audience.
A robot, as long as it does not contradict the first rule, has to obey a person’s orders.
A robot is obliged to protect its own existence as long as it does not contradict the first and second rule.

The author, who considers the necessity of another law in order for these three robot laws to function in a real sense, adds one more. In the first three rules, the robots tried to avoid the possibility of bad behavior against people; but how would the robots behave when all humanity was the subject? Here, the author who is looking for answers to this question develops a fourth law, considering that another rule is needed; but it does not want to change the three robot laws. For this reason, this law which he added later gives the name “Zeroing Law”.

A robot can not hurt or damage humanity.
By the introduction of this law into the literature, the first law naturally changed as follows:

As long as a robot does not contradict the zero-order, it can not harm a human being or become a spectator to be damaged.
As it can be seen, the existence of a zero-order law is a robota, if the humanitarian well-being of the humanity is the freedom to kill an individual. However, debate continues as to how a robot will understand an abstract concept such as “humanity”. It is possible to see that these laws are questioned by Asimov himself in many stories. The author, of course, is the most famous piece of robotics, I, Robot (Ben, Robot). This book, which is made up of various short robot stories, has been brought to our language by different publishers. The book deals with the 1982-born roboticologist Susan Calvin’s adventures in robots and the solving of the problems stemming from the three-robot law within these laws.

Asimov writes that robots can assume important tasks such as babysitting, assuming that people have entered their daily lives. Indeed, in the short story “Robbie”, a young girl tells a dramatic dildo about the emotional attachment of the child to the caretaker robota. Each story suggests approaching psychologist as a solution method when it comes to robots encountering different problems. However, the main theme in these stories is three people who restrict the freedom of movement of robots. In the story entitled “Corner Goblin”, the orders given to the robots must be clear and clear. In the story called “Logic”, a robot devoid of emotion believes that the creator of the self is a great power and conceives himself as a prophet; In the story “Liar”, he refers to the first article of the robotic law, telling that the robot, who lie to make people happy, blends the work with telepathic ability.

In the story “Is it the One or the Even?”, A successful politician, who is claimed to be a robot by his competitors, tries to be humiliated in the eyes of voters. A similar issue is seen in the Foundation’s array. There is an opposition leader who claims that Eto Demerzel is a robot. The events in the story and in the novel are resolved in almost the same way.

Asimov also wrote robotics stories that are not tied to the three robot laws. He talks about robots telling a tale in a story called “One Day” in the book “The World Is Enough Enough”. A robot that is trying to be a writer and proving that he is an increasingly masterful writer in his story “Cal” in the book “Güle Güle Dünya” tells him to get a more qualified reporter than his owner. The author robot has the binding feature of three robotic laws in every direction; but he can not accept that his envious owner is trying to get him to do simple housekeeping just like bringing it. He does not hurt the owner and kills him, and he carries the sense that it will not be contrary to the law.

In the final analysis, it is an important requirement that the authors read the novels and stories they received in order to fully comprehend the laws of the three robots.


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